Sagittarius, it's time to get excited for the upcoming holiday! Your inspiring and enthusiastic energy is going to translate into a wonderful holiday season as you cheer up coworkers, friends, and family through these chilly months.
Sagittarius – November 22 to December 21
Oscar Niemeyer, December 15 (1907-2012)
Born Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida Niemeyer Soares Filho, the architect’s distinct style is synonymous with Brazil’s modernist architecture. In 1956 he was appointed the chief architect of Brasilia, a planned city that became Brazil’s capital. In addition to designing many of Brasilia’s buildings, he also collaborated with other architects on the United Nations headquarters in New York City. Niemeyer signature design elements include white concrete, graceful curves and primary-color accents.
He was awarded the Pritzker Prize in 1988 as well as an honorary membership in the American Institute of Architects.
Alexandre Gustave Eiffel, December 15 (1832-1923)
Architect, Structural Engineer
Best known for the Eiffel Tower, the “magician of iron” specialized in the design and construction of railway bridges. He and his business partner designed the 525-foot bridge over the Douro River in Portugal. The bridge was the longest arch iron bridge in the world at the time and its latticework construction and detailing is reflected in the later design of Eiffel Tower.
He is noted for designing the metallic structure of the Statue of Liberty which fell on him after the sudden death of its original engineer.
Kate Gleason, November 25 (1865-1933)
Gleason spent her childhood at the family-owned machine tool company and by the age of 12 was working in the business. She was the first female to be admitted to study engineering at Cornell University but because of family obligations, she was unable to complete a degree. Gleason was a pioneer of business and globalization. Along with her brothers, the family business became one of the world’s top providers of the machines, tooling, and technologies needed to produce gears.
Gleason was the first female member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and the American Concrete Institute. She also was the first woman with no family bank ties to become president of a national bank.
Cass Gilbert, November 24 (1859-1934)
At the age of 17 Gilbert apprenticed as a draftsman of a St. Paul architect. He then earned a degree in architecture from MIT and worked on many designs in Minnesota including its Capitol Building. After moving to New York City and opening his own architecture firm, he landed the commission of many prominent buildings including the United States Supreme Court, St. Louis Public Library, and Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House.
Considered one of the pioneers of the skyscrapers, his most noteworthy design is the Woolworth Building in New York City. The Beau-Arts architectural style features arches, ornamentation, a flat roof, and sculptures.